Ficus Plant

Scientific name : “Ficus”

Ficus, (genus Ficus), a genus of about 900 species of trees, shrubs, and vines in the family Moraceae, many of which are commonly known as figs. Native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia, they are distributed throughout the world’s tropics. Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots; others are planted as ornamentals.

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Description

Ficus, (genus Ficus), a genus of about 900 species of trees, shrubs, and vines in the family Moraceae, many of which are commonly known as figs. Native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia, they are distributed throughout the world’s tropics. Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots; others are planted as ornamentals. Most Ficus species are evergreen; there are a few deciduous members in nontropical areas. The leaves are usually simple and waxy, and most exude white or yellow latex when broken. Many species have aerial roots, and a number are epiphytic. The unusual fruit structure, known as a syconium, is hollow, enclosing an inflorescence with tiny male and female flowers lining the inside. The common fig (Ficus carica) is cultivated for its pear-shaped edible fruits, which are really hollow fleshy receptacles (syconia) containing hundreds of male and female flowers. Some species, including the New World F. obtusifolia and F. nymphaeifolia, are known as strangler figs. The seeds of strangler figs germinate on a host tree and grow around its trunk in a strangling latticework, eventually killing the host tree. One freestanding New World species, F. insipida, has the highest photosynthetic rate of any forest tree measured, supporting rapid growth and abundant fruiting.

Sunlight – It enjoys bright indirect or filtered light with variegated varieties happily able to take medium light.


Watering – If the top of the soil feels dry to the touch, this indicates that they need water.


Plant Care – They need to be kept in temperatures above 60 F. (16 C.)  and actually prefer temperatures above 70 F. (21 C.). It’s important to maintain a relatively high humidity around the plant.

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